. Humanitarian University Consortium
Distance Education Initiative

International Health Regulations Online Course

In 2003, controversy surrounding early reporting of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) by the Chinese government is confounded by international law as defined in the International Health Regulations (IHR), that constitutes the "only international health agreement on communicable diseases that is binding on [WHO] Member States" (International Law, Communicable Diseases and the Geopolitical Objective of Minimal Interference with World Trade and Travel). Following intensive international discussion, the World Health Organization revised this agreement in 2004, expanding discussion associated with the threat of emerging infectious diseases for the United States and United Nations member countries.

New and reemerging infectious diseases will pose a rising global health threat and will complicate US and global security over the next 20 years. These diseases will endanger US citizens at home and abroad, threaten US armed forces deployed overseas, and exacerbate social and political instability in key countries and regions in which the United States has significant interests. -- The Global Infectious Disease Threat and Its Implications for the United States: National Intelligence Council , January 2000.

Presented by

Stephen M. Apatow
Founder, Director of Research & Development
Humanitarian Resource Institute (UN:NGO:DESA)
Humanitarian University Consortium Graduate Studies
Center for Medicine, Veterinary Medicine & Law
Phone: 203-668-0282
Email: s.m.apatow@humanitarian.net
Internet: www.humanitarian.net

Url: www.H-II.org

Pathobiologics International
Internet: www.pathobiologics.org


The objective of this course is to provide an overview of the newly revised WHO International Health Regulations in the context of surveillance, containment and control of emerging infectious disease threats.  The newly revised International Health Regulations (IHR) entered into force on 15 June 2007:

Notification is required under IHR (2005) for all "events that may constitute a public health emergency of international concern". In this regard, the broad new definitions of "event", "disease" and "public health risk" in the IHR (2005) are the building blocks of the surveillance obligations for States Parties and WHO. "Disease" means "an illness or medical condition, irrespective of origin or source, that presents or could present significant harm to humans". The term "event" is broadly defined as "a manifestation of disease or an occurrence that creates a potential for disease". "Public health risk" refers to "a likelihood of an event that may affect adversely the health of human populations, with an emphasis on one which may spread internationally or may present a serious and direct danger". A public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC) is defined as "an extraordinary event which is determined to constitute a public health risk to other States through the international spread of disease and to potentially require a coordinated international response". Consequently, events of potential international concern, which require States Parties to notify WHO, can extend beyond communicable diseases and arise from any origin or source.

This course is designed in a self-study format whereby the student utilizes the online educational resources listed below to support review and completion of the IHR Online TestAdditional study materials have been provided to further support this educational objective.

To begin, study and review of the online resources linked below.  Your registration will be submitted in conjunction with the completion of the International Health Regulations Online Test form.

I.  Study Materials

II.  Online Test The Online Test encompasses 15 questions (True/False) and two fill in sections associated with the International Health Regulations Online Course.  Upon completion and online submission of the test, individuals with a passing grade of 90% or above will receive a certificate of completion by Humanitarian Resource Institute.

Fee: $250.00 processing fee, required for validation: certificate of completion.

Continuing Education Units (CEUs)

Humanitarian Resource Institute's work associated with 192 Member States of the United Nations, presents a challenge regarding accreditation standards, therefore we request enrollees to check with their state's regulatory board to ensure acceptance of online continuing education credit for the purposes of state license requirements. 

Additional Resources: .

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