Humanitarian University Consortium
Distance Education Initiative
International Health Regulations Online Test
Apatow, Director of Research and Development
The following online test encompasses 15 questions (True/False)
and two fill in sections associated with the International Health
Regulations Online Course.
Humanitarian University Consortium Graduate
Studies Center for Medicine, Veterinary Medicine and Law
Fee: $50.00 processing fee, required for validation: certificate
Upon payment of the processing fee, completion
and submission of this test, individuals with a passing grade of
90% or above will receive a certificate of completion by Humanitarian
Health Regulations Online Test
1.The plague epidemics that overran Europe between
1830 and 1847 were catalysts for intensive infectious disease
diplomacy and multilateral cooperation in public health, led
to the first International Sanitary Conference in Paris in 1851
and adoption of the International Sanitary Regulations. True or False.
2. The International Sanitary Regulations, were
replaced by the International Health Regulations in 1969
and were primarily intended to monitor and control six
serious infectious diseases: cholera, plague, yellow fever,
smallpox, relapsing fever and typhus. True or False.
3. Under the IHR (1969), only cholera, plague
and yellow fever remain notifiable, meaning that States are
required to notify WHO if and when these diseases occur on
their territory. True or False.
4. The International Health Regulations (IHR)
are an international legal instrument that is binding on 194
countries across the globe, including all the Member States
of WHO. True or False.
5. The IHR (2005) aim to prevent, protect against,
control and respond to the international spread of disease
while avoiding unnecessary interference with international
traffic and trade. True or False.
6. The IHR, which entered into force on 15 June
2005, requires countries to report certain disease outbreaks
and public health events of international concern to WHO. True
7. The IHR (2005) require States to notify WHO
of all events that may constitute a public health emergency
of international concern (PHEIC) and to respond to requests
for verification of information regarding such events. True or False.
8. IHR 2005 includes a list of diseases for which
a single case may constitute a PHEIC and must be reported
to WHO immediately. This list consists of smallpox, poliomyelitis,
human influenza caused by new subtypes, and severe acute respiratory
syndrome (SARS). True or False.
9. IHR 2005 makes surveillance central to guiding
effective public health action against cross-border disease
threats. The regulations define surveillance as "the systematic
ongoing collection, collation and analysis of data for public
health purposes and the timely dissemination of public health information
for assessment and public health response as necessary". True or
10. A fundamental innovation in the IHR (2005)
is the requirement that each country develop, strengthen
and maintain core public health capacities for surveillance
and response based on analysis of the grassroots capacities
on the community/village level. True or False.
11. Under the IHR, each country is committed
to develop and maintain core public health capacities for
surveillance and response. These capacities also include outbreaks
of chemical, radiological and food origin. True or False.
12. According to the IHR (2005) a public health
emergency of international concern refers to an extraordinary
public health event which is determined, under specific procedures
(1) to constitute a public health risk to other States through
the international spread of disease; and (2) to potentially require
a coordinated international response. True or False.
13. The enforcement mechanism outlined in IHR
(2005) for States was established to protect against unjustified
measures being adopted unilaterally by other States. True
14. Under the IHR every country is required to
designate a National IHR Focal Point, charged with providing
to and receiving information from WHO on a 24 hour basis, seven
days a week. True or False.
15. The Regulations recognize that media and
other unofficial reports often appear in advance of official
notification of a public health emergency of international
concern.True or False.
Please list the “National IHR Focal
Point” for your country:
Please list the WHO IHR contact point
for your country: