Contact: Stephen M. Apatow
Founder, Director of Research & Development
Humanitarian Resource Institute (UN:NGO:DESA)
Humanitarian University Consortium Graduate Studies
Center for Medicine, Veterinary Medicine & Law
Phone: 203-668-0282
Email: s.m.apatow@humanitarian.net
Internet: www.humanitarian.net

Url: www.H-II.org

Briefing - Ukraine Invasion - Updates

 9 June 2014

Briefing Update 22

Background Discussions:

Global Security Threat: Catastrophic

ICS-CERT warns on the rise in attacks on online ICS

ICS-CERT Warning

ICS-CERT warns on the rise in attacks on online ICS: Security Affairs, 9 June 2014.

  • Transitioning projections for First-tier to Fourth-tier (15% - 66% Predictions of Infrastructure Failure: Year 2000: Global Infrastructure Analysis & Contingency Planning:) to threat analysis for cyber terrorism. Background Discussion: Chemical Plants, Cyber Access, National Security: U.S. and Europe: The Bhopal disaster and its aftermath: a review: Environ Health. 2005; 4: 6.   HRI:IDIN: 1999 Interview: Futurewatch Radio Program: Chemical Plants and Y2K:  Overview.
  •  "Bottom line is that our adversaries are exploiting vulnerabilities across the cyber, physical and or human terrain at will based on their mission, and desired end state. They aren't going toe to toe against our static, passive, standalone security apparatus but simply bypasses them. Compliance complete does NOT mean secure..." -- Leif Paul, Mosanto discussion: Mansanto Hacked Earlier This Year, And It's Still Unclear Why: IBT, 3 June 2014.
  • Now that we have a better perspective of how every UN member country can be crippled, perhaps it's time to put into perspective, the significance of P5 voting members of the UN Security Council (China-Russia) providing direct support for state sponsors of terrorism (Syria-Iran), that view the end game a bit differently than profit at any cost. -- Apocalyptic prophecies drive both sides to Syrian battle for end of time: reuters, 1 April 2014.

7 June 2014

Briefing Update 21

Background Discussions:

World leaders get a grasp on Information Warfare operations currently being advanced as part of a geostrategic framework

The Anatomy of Russian Information Warfare

The Crimean operation has served as an occasion for Russia to demonstrate to the entire world the capabilities and the potential of information warfare. Its goal is to use difficult to detect methods to subordinate the elites and societies in other countries by making use of various kinds of secret and overt channels (secret services, diplomacy and the media), psychological impact, and ideological and political sabotage.  Russian politicians and journalists have argued that information battles are necessary for “the Russian/Eurasian civilisation” to counteract “informational aggression from the Atlantic civilisation led by the "SA”.  This argument from the arsenal of applied geopolitics has been used for years. This text is an attempt to provide an interpretation of information warfare with the background of Russian geopolitical theory and practice.
Related Briefing Notes:

See Briefing Update 20, 23 May 2014:  (1) Russian Fiction the Sequel: 10 More False Claims About Ukraine:  U.S. State Department, 13 April 2014, (2) Ukraine: Misinformation, propaganda and incitement to hatred need to be urgently countered – UN human rights report: OHCHR, 15 April 2014. Full Report (Doc), (3)  Russia's Alleged Propaganda Talking Points Leaked: The list of prepared topics instructs television journalists. Business Insider, 29 March 2014.

See Briefing Update 17, 2 May 2014: (1) Russia-China Information Warfare, CSPAN, Hudson Institute.  August 24, 2009, (2) 

23 May 2014

Briefing Update 20

Background Discussions:

Cyber control and attacks on corporate, defense, and critical infrastructure, combined with physical control of the UN Security Council represents our current state of emergency for the int community/security and globalization experiment. We have sat back (2011-2014) and watched two P5 voting members of the Security Council turn to terrorist and transnational crime groups to establish an international power base with complete disregard for the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Int law. Dead piles of children from WMD attacks represents their banner, warning to the U.S. and NATO that based on the UN organizational structure, you have no tools to stop them....

Graphc Credit:  U.S. Embassy Damascus



15 May 2014

Briefing Update 19

Background Discussions:

While Russia advances cyber attacks and Information warfare against the United States and NATO ally countries (including France), France intends to sell two warships that will be used to destroy French and NATO forces. This represents the level of confusion that exists during an "Act of War" (Russian cyberattacks, information warafare) and direct support of Russia as a State Sponsor of Terrorism. Call continues for an immediate international arms embargo against Russia.
  • Russia Praises French 'Reliability' In Warship Deal:  Work on the €1.2 billion ($1.6 billion) deal for two Mistral-class helicopter carriers is proceeding on schedule, demonstrating “France’s reliability as a partner,” a spokesman of Rosoboronexport was quoted by ITAR-TASS as saying. -- Defense News, 14 May 2014.

  • On Wednesday, Justice Minister Pavlo Petrenko said Kiev estimated losses from the Crimean crisis and the nationalisation of Ukraine's property in the peninsula at $85 billion and warned that Ukraine would seek financial compensation from Russia for "seized assets". -- Ukraine asks Russia to pay for lost Crimean energy reserves: IANS, 15 May 2014.
Russia’s ICBMs

Ukraine built the guidance and control systems for Russian ICBM’s carrying about 5000 nuclear bombs and they still have the service and maintenance agreement. --  Putin Screwed Up – Ukraine built 600 of Russia’s ICBMs and can give codes to NATO: Missile Threat: A Project of the George C. Marshall and Claremont Institutes, 15 May 2014. 

8 May 2014

Briefing Update 18

Background Discussions:

Russian Cyberterrorism: Information Warfare
Cyber attacks target corporate, banking, stock markets, government (federal, state,local) and critical infrastructure.

In recent weeks, he said, some large U.S. financial institutions were hit by attacks that delayed or disrupted services on customer websites. 

Pentagon Police Hit By ‘Catastrophic’ Network Outage
Security Infrastructure for U.S. Capitol Down -  6-12 Months

The contracting document, posted on May 2, said the outage experienced by the Pentagon Life Safety System Network and Life Safety Backbone left the Pentagon Force Protection Agency “without access to the mission-critical systems needed to properly safeguard personnel and facilities, rendering the agency blind across the national capital region.” The Force Protection Agency provides security and services to 100 military buildings in Washington, Maryland and Virginia and reports to the director of administration and management. The agency estimated it would take six to 12 months to “effect repairs and to upgrade the network core to mitigate future outage risks.” --  Pentagon Police Hit By ‘Catastrophic’ Network Outage - Defense One, 7 May 2014.

Russian Cyberterrorism target Europe and United States

2 May 2014

Briefing Update 17

Background Discussions:

Getting a grasp on a full scale war against the United States and NATO Allies, Israel and Arab countries by cyber and information warfare. Russia integrates hackers with military and organized crime groups.  From propaganda to direct attacks against defense and critical infrastructure. 
  • Russia-China Information Warfare: The use of information technology and propaganda in recent military operations such as the Russian-Georgian conflict, information gathering and reconnaissance, the development of different technological platforms for use in theaters of conflict, and Russian efforts to improve cyber-warfare systems. CSPAN, Hudson Institute.  August 24, 2009.

24 April 2014

Briefing Update 16

Background Discussions:

Background Discussions:

Russian terrorist attacks in Ukraine attack focus sanctions on energy, banking sectors to Putin's personal assets. Background discussion includes civil compensation for invasion, occupation and economic damages associated with Crimea and Eastern Ukraine with frozen assets. Russia faces collapse disconnected from world markets, travel and trade.

2. Putin causes catastrophic suffering in Russia as families of Russian troops forced into transnational terrorism facilitate a humanitarian crisis. Crimea, Ukraine invasion reflects a profit at any cost mentality, including the Russian people. Twenty years since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the gap between rich and poor is wider than ever. The wealthy have largely recovered from the severe economic crisis, but the poor are actually worse than during communist times. -- Gap between rich and poor widens in Russia: BBC, 29 May 2011.

As with Russian orphans, Putin orders crackdown on NGOs after Ukraine (Asia One, 7 April 2014) Russia crackdown on United Nations, Non-Governmental, Interfaith and Relief organizations, causes great concern and need for security in every UN member country. NGO's focus on The Ultimate Objective: The weapons are active care, compassion and concern, the vehicle encompasses successful initiatives that address the ills of conflict, ignorance, poverty and disease. -- Humanitarian Resource Institute.

4. Profit at any cost -- Fear that Russians (viewed as disposable), will face the same fate as Syrians, under Russian:Iranian joint military command in Syria. Russia used the UN Security Council to block humanitarian assistance (2011-2014). -- Abandoned - SYRIA2012 Massacre in Homs, Syria: Photos UPI.

16 April 2014

Briefing Update 15

Background Discussions:

Preventing a repeat of Syrian Holocaust in Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Finland.
-- Briefings: Background Discussions: Syria 2012-2014:  HRI: H-II OPSEC.

Report: Evidence of 'industrial-scale killing' by Syrian regime: HRI:H-II OPSEC, 22 January 2014.

15 April 2014

Briefing Update 14

Background Discussions:

1. Russia continues to spin a false and dangerous narrative to justify its illegal actions in Ukraine. The Russian propaganda machine continues to promote hate speech and incite violence by creating a false threat in Ukraine that does not exist. We would not be seeing the violence and sad events that we've witnessed this weekend without this relentless stream of disinformation and Russian provocateurs fostering unrest in eastern Ukraine. Here are 10 more false claims Russia is using to justify intervention in Ukraine, with the facts that these assertions ignore or distort. --  Russian Fiction the Sequel: 10 More False Claims About Ukraine:  U.S. State Department, 13 April 2014.

14 April 2014

Briefing Update 13

Background Discussions:

Russia redefines State Sponsored Terrorism in Ukraine and Syria, as it makes a mockery of the UN Security Council, human rights and international law through (1) invasion, occupation and annexation of Crimea, Ukraine, (2) directly blocking UN Security Council action to protect civilians, secure WMD stockpiles and refer Syria to the International Criminal Court
. This includes Russia's direct role in joint military command, with U.S. State Department designated State Sponsors of Terrorism Syria and Iran (Hezbollah) and perpetration of Sunni ethnic cleansing with weapons of mass destruction, war crimes and crimes against humanity.  This regional catastrophe has caused upwards of 200,000 deaths (2011-2014) and has been compared to the Holocaust by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon.

Russia Role in the Sunni-Shia Civil War: Redefining profits and geostrategic objectives at any cost:

Special Operations: Focus on Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Finland

  • "The newly leaked documents reveal the Iranian and Russian roles in aiding the Assad regime and the establishment of a joint command force which intervenes in all matters related to the Syrian crisis. Furthermore, Hezbollah’s role is also disclosed through the documents, showing how the armed group received written and clear orders from the highest authorities to ‘eradicate’ Syrian activists and carry out a series of bombings." --  Al Arabiya to air newly-leaked, highly-classified Syrian security documents: Al Arabiya, September 28, 2012.
  • "A subsequently leaked file, also sent from the presidential palace and addressed to all heads of units of the Syrian foreign intelligence, reads: “Based on information and guidance from the Russian leadership comes a need to eliminate the two Turkish pilots detained by the Special Operations Unit in a natural way and their bodies need to be returned to the crash site in international waters.” -- Turkish pilots killed by Assad, not in crash: leaked documents: Al Arabiya, 29 September 2012.
  • "Shalish said that his orders follow instructions of the Joint Command, possibly in reference to Iran, Russia and the Syrian regime." -- Assad’s regime carried out deadly Damascus bombings: leaked files: Al Arabiya, September 30, 2012.

7 April 2014

Briefing Update 12

Background Discussions:

Putin orders crackdown on NGOs after Ukraine (Asia One, 7 April 2014):  Russia crackdown on United Nations, Non-Governmental, Interfaith and Relief organizations, causes great concern and need for security in every UN member country. 
(South African Institute of International Affairs: September 2014)Deutsche Welle, 24 March 2014Hagel compares China sea dispute to Ukraine takeover (Macau Daily Times, 7 April 2014), Taiwan (Defense News, 2 April 2014).

1 April 2014

Briefing Update 11

Background Discussions:

The General Assembly today affirmed its commitment to Ukraine’s sovereignty, political independence, unity and territorial integrity within its internationally recognized borders, underscoring the invalidity of the 16 March referendum held in autonomous Crimea.

By a recorded vote of 100 in favour to 11 against, with 58 abstentions, the Assembly adopted a resolution titled “Territorial integrity of Ukraine”, calling on States, international organizations and specialized agencies not to recognize any change in the status of Crimea or the Black Sea port city of Sevastopol, and to refrain from actions or dealings that might be interpreted as such.

-- General Assembly Adopts Resolution Calling upon States Not to Recognize Changes in Status of Crimea: Union Nations General Assembly, 27 March 2014.

31 March 2014

Briefing Update 10

Background Discussions:

Russia's Alleged Propaganda Talking Points Leaked: The list of prepared topics instructs television journalists.
Business Insider, 29 March 2014.

Putin wants Finland, Baltic states, says former top adviser:  Putin focuses on Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Finland:: American Blog, 31 March 2014.
US Intelligence Report Warns Of 'More Probable' Likelihood Of Russian Invasion Of Eastern Ukraine: Since the annexation of Crimea, Russian intelligence has reportedly been employing its playbook in eastern and southern Ukraine, using spies and operatives to stir up trouble among ethnic Russians and lay the groundwork for a future invasion by 'self-defense militias' backed by Russian troops," he wrote. "It’s not yet clear that these techniques will get Putin what he wants, but there is always the option of overt invasion by the Russian military, which must be judged a serious possibility.  Business Insider, 26 March 2014.

28 March 2014

Briefing Update 9

Background Discussions:

Ukraine prepares for war (CNN):  An Obama administration official warned Thursday that the Russian army is now fully prepared to invade eastern Ukraine if Putin decides to take further military action. --

2. Since Britain, Northern Ireland, United States of America and Ukraine could not secure a UN Security Council resolution on Crimea, following the Russian Veto that facilitated a Breach of Contract based on the conditions outlined in the Budapest Memorandums on Security Assurances, 1994, the resolution was moved to the entire UN Security Council:  UN General Assembly: Crimea Referendum Was Illegal: Time Magazine, 27 March 2014.

3. International community focuses on stabilization and security following approval of a $27 Billion support package for Ukraine. -- Ukraine Unlocks $27 Billion International Aid Deal: Bloomberg, 27 March 2014.

4. Most people would be surprised to know that even a very small regional nuclear war on the other side of the planet could disrupt global climate for at least a decade and wipe out the ozone layer for a decade,” said lead author Michael Mills, an atmospheric scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Colorado. -- Study: ‘Small’ Nuclear War Would Make Earth Uninhabitable, reports Live Science. CBS Denver, 26 March 2014.

25 March 2014

Briefing Update 8

Background Discussion:

Breach of Contract:
Budapest Memorandums on Security Assurances, 1994.

In 1994, in full faith and confidence in the Russian Federation, Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America, Ukraine entered into a contractual agreement (Budapest Memorandums on Security Assurances, 1994) to remove 1,200 nuclear warheads and more than 2,500 tactical nuclear weapons, in return for a payment or guarantee that the signatories would:

seek immediate United Nations Security Council action to provide assistance to Ukraine, as a non-nuclear-weapon State party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, if Ukraine should become a victim of an act of aggression or an object of a threat of aggression in which nuclear weapons are used;"

Following the act of aggression or invasion, occupation and annexation of Crimea, Ukraine by Russia, the remaining signatories failed to follow through with the conditions outlined in this contractual agreement.  In the article "Ukraine Battles to Rebuild a Depleted Military" (Wall Street Journal, 25 March 2014), it was noted that the "United States" said the memorandum was a political agreement, not a binding promise to defend Ukraine's borders.  This interpretation is in direct contradiction to the contractual agreement and now places in jeopardy
all agreements that have been negotiated through the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).

24 March 2014

Briefing Update 7

Background Discussions:

22 March 2014

Briefing Update 6

Background Discussions:

2.  After Crimea: Top Intelligence Analysts Forecast The 5 Things That Putin Might Do Next:  Military & Defense: Business Insider, 21 March 2014.  Special thanks to

13 March 2014

Briefing Update 5

Background Discussions:

Sochi 2014 dedicated to Syria and The Olympic Ideal: HRI,
20 February 2014
2. In the midst of the humanitarian catastrophe in Syria, the International Judo Federation awards Vladimir Putin his 8th dan, an honor that appears to be in direct contradiction to the "Code of Ethics" advocated by Judo's founder, Dr Jigoro Kano.  -- IJF Award of 8th dan to Vladimir Putin - Jigoro Kano Code of Ethics: HRI,  6 March 2014.

12 March 2014

Briefing Update 4

Background Discussions:

1. Crimea, Ukraine invasion reflects a profit at any cost mentality, including the Russian people.

2. In an emotional speech in Kiev on Sunday, former Russian oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky - recently released from 10 years in jail - told the Maidan "there is another Russia", one opposed to military action in Ukraine. -- Ukraine crisis: Russians opposed to Putin: BBC,  11 March 2014.

4. World united in support of Crimea, Ukraine (destabilization of the European Union) and the people of Syria (destabilization of the Middle East). -- Sochi 2014 dedicated to Syria and The Olympic Ideal: Humanitarian Resource Institute. -- Russia people learn about care, compassion and humanitarian efforts on their behalf. -- The Ultimate Objective: Humanitarian Resource Institute.

10 March 2014

Briefing Update 3

Background Discussions:

1. Russian newspaper has published photographs of landmines being laid near an entry point to the peninsula, near the villages of Chongar and Nikolaevka.  -- Gunfire, landmines and cyber attacks in Crimea: MSN, 9 March 2014.

UN and NATO ally countries cope with direct attacks on military networks and critical infrastructure... A sophisticated piece of spyware has been quietly infecting hundreds of government computers across Europe and the United States in one of the most complex cyber espionage programs uncovered to date. -- Suspected Russian spyware Turla targets Europe, U.S.: Reuters, 7 March 2014.
Russia sinks ships in ports, blocks Ukrainian Navy, members of NATO Operation Ocean Shield. --- Blocked by sunken Russian ships, Ukraine's navy stays defiant Blocked by sunken Russian ships, Ukraine's navy stays defiant: AFP.  Admiralty law or maritime law is the distinct body of law (both substantive and procedural) governing navigation and shipping. Topics associated with this field in legal reference works may include: shipping; navigation; waters; commerce; seamen; towage; wharves, piers, and docks; insurance; maritime liens; canals; and recreation. Piracy (ship hijacking) is also an aspect of admiralty. -- Admiralty: Cornell Legal Information Institute. Includes International Conventions and Treaties.

Chechens Are Being Drawn Into the Conflict in UkraineBoth the Jewish and the Sunni Muslim Tatar populations in Crimea have clashed with pro-Russian supporters during the crisis, showing their strong support for the Ukrainian government and their home country. -- Crimea's Persecuted Religious Minorities Don't Want It to Become Part of Russia: PolicyMic, 7 March 2014.  See Also: The Deportation and Fate of the Crimean Tatars - International Committee for Crimea.

7 March 2014

Briefing Update 2

Background Discussions:

1. Sochi 2014Reaffirming the Olympic Ideal for the Purpose of Continuing the Progress of Humanity  -  In the midst of the humanitarian catastrophe in Syria, IJF awards Vladimir Putin his 8th dan, an honor that appears to be in direct contradiction to the "Code of Ethics" advocated by Judo's founder, Dr Jigoro Kano. -- IJF Award of 8th dan to Vladimir Putin - Jigoro Kano Code of Ethics: HRI, 6 March 2014.

2. In Kiev, Interim President Oleksandr Turchynov said the national government would invalidate the Crimea Parliament's decision to hold the referendum and dissolve Crimea's legislative body, the Times said.  -- Kiev officials to nullify secession vote, dissolve Crimea Parliament: UPI, 6 March 2014.

3. Budapest Memorandums on Security Assurances, 1994 Ukraine says Russian troops in Crimea have doubled to 30,000: MSN, 7 March 2014.

4. Focus moves to protection of minority populations.  There are 266,000 Crimean Tatars in Crimea, over 13% of the local population. They are Sunni Muslim, traditionally pro-Ukrainian, and much better organized than the local Ukrainians, who make up 23% of the population. -- Tatar Sunni Muslims pose a threat to Russia's occupation of Crimea: Guardian UK,  5 March 2014.   Support of ethnic cleansing of Sunni Muslims in Syria, spirals a move to crisis response in Ukraine. -- Sochi 2014 dedicated to Syria and The Olympic Ideal: HRI, 20 February 2014.

5 March 2014

Briefing Update I

Background Discussions:

Crimea crisis: pro-Russian leader appeals to Putin for help: UK Guardian, 28 February 2014.

2. The Economic crisis in Ukraine has prompted a call for international assistance through restructure and debt relief. This long term solution oriented focus, encompasses all countries classified as technically insolvent (when a country's national debt exceeded its gross national product). See: CNBC: Debt to GDP Analysis. -- HRI: Appeal to International Bar Association - Tools for Restructure: Humanitarian Resource Institute.

A critical economic emergency discussion associated with restructure and debt relief is Credit Default Swaps or unregulated OTC derivative instruments (Non-Collateralized), viewed as the cause of the collapse of the global financial system in 2008.

4 March 2014

Contact: Stephen M. Apatow
Founder, Director of Research & Development
Humanitarian Resource Institute (UN:NGO:DESA)
Humanitarian University Consortium Graduate Studies
Center for Medicine, Veterinary Medicine & Law
Phone: 203-668-0282
Email: s.m.apatow@humanitarian.net
Internet: www.humanitarian.net

Url: www.H-II.org

Briefing - Ukraine Invasion - U.S. Suspends Trade, Investment Talks

Serious concern about abject poverty among the populations of Russia - Russian Poverty - Greed drives invasion of Ukraine as Russian people, families of Russian troops face catastrophic suffering as world markets collapse, with hyperinflation of food and infrastructure critical commodities. -- See: The Ultimate Objective: Humanitarian Resource Institute. Url: www.humanitarian.net/humanrights.html

Yanukovych has been put on the international wanted list. The fugitive president - whose whereabouts are unclear - is accused of being behind last week's deaths of more than 100 protesters at the hands of riot police in and around the Maidan. -- Ukraine crisis: Yatsenyuk is PM-designate, Kiev Maidan told: BBC, 26 February 2014.

A money laundering probe has been launched into ousted Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovich and his son Oleksander, it’s emerged. The prosecutor’s office in Geneva confirmed the investigation as Switzerland moved to freeze any funds linked to Yanukovich. -- Swiss prosecutor opens money laundering probe into ousted Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych: Euronews, 28 February 2014.


International community unites to protect people of Ukraine, call for immediate withdrawal of all  Russian troops following invasion:
Note: The formal basis for NATO-Ukraine relations is the 1997 Charter on a Distinctive Partnership, which established the NATO-Ukraine Commission (NUC). Successive governments reinforced the political dialogue and practical cooperation between NATO and Ukraine. NATO supports a range of initiatives in Ukraine, while Ukraine contributes to NATO’s missions in Afghanistan and Kosovo, and in 2013 became the first partner country to contribute to the NATO-led counter-piracy operation Ocean Shield -- Ukraine-NATO relations: NATO.

Operation Ocean Shield, NATO's contribution to international efforts to combat piracy off the Horn of Africa, commenced on 17 August 2009 following NAC approval of the mission. Operation Ocean Shield builds on the experience gained during Operation Allied Protector, NATOs' previous counter-piracy mission, and develops a distinctive NATO role based on the broad strength of the Alliance by adopting a more comprehensive approach to counter-piracy efforts. The NIFC has been a key contributor to this mission since its inception through a partnership with the NATO Maritime Command at Northwood, UK. -- Operation Ocean Shield: NATO.

See also: See:  Russia-NATO Relations: NATO.

International community responds:

Overview on Humanitarian Crisis in Syria: HRI:H-II OPSEC.

UN Security Council unanimously adopts UNSCR 2139 on humanitarian access in Syria.

UNITED NATIONS, Feb 22 (Reuters) - The U.N. Security Council on Saturday unanimously adopted a resolution to boost humanitarian aid access in Syria, where the United Nations says 9.3 million people need help, that threatens to take "further steps" in the case of non-compliance.

Russia and China, which have shielded Syria's government on the U.N. Security Council during the three-year-long civil war, voted in favor of the resolution. They had previously vetoed three resolutions condemning Syria's government and threatening it with possible sanctions. (Reporting by Michelle Nichols; Editing by James Dalgleish)

Sochi 2014 dedicated to Syria and The Olympic Ideal

Photo Credit: Winnipeg Free Press

Reaffirming the Olympic Ideal for the Purpose of Continuing the Progress of Humanity

Athletes committed to the pursuit of excellence with aspirations of success in international and Olympic competition, become participants in a humanitarian objective to utilize their talents, opportunities and achievements as a vehicle for positive change. This theme is reflected in the following excerpt from a resolution adopted by the United Nations General Assembly, 25 November 1997: 52/21: Building a peaceful and better world through sport and the Olympic ideal:

Reaffirming that the Olympic ideal promotes international understanding, particularly among the youth of the world, through sport and culture in order to advance the harmonious development of humankind,

Noting with satisfaction the increasing number of joint endeavours of the International Olympic Committee and the United Nations system, for example in the fields of development, humanitarian assistance, protection of the environment, health promotion and education, in which the United Nations Development Programme, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the United Nations Environment Programme, the World Health Organization and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization have participated.

The International Olympic Committee's involvement in assistance projects for human development is aimed at improving, through sport and physical activity, the quality of life and well-being of people who live in the most disadvantaged regions of the world. It is a matter of using sport as a means for positive change. Although these projects are specific and merely symbolic, the Olympic Movement's contribution is intended to complement the efforts of governments and inter- and non-governmental organisations to meet the challenges of our society. The IOC's commitment in this area is based on the need to place sport, which has become a real social force within society, at the service of human development.
- Missions: Human Development Assistance: Objective of the International Olympic Committee.

-- Reaffirming the Olympic Ideal for the Purpose of Continuing the Progress of Humanity: Humanitarian Resource Institute,  March 2003 


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