Resource Institute: A
U.S. & International Resource on the Scope of Humanitarian Assistance
November 6, 2003
Director of Research
Resource Institute Biodefense Reference Library
Animal and Zoonotic Disease Center
USA: (203) 668-0282 Western USA: (775) 884-4680
MITIGATING A U.S. OR INTERNATIONAL
PRODUCERS AND PRODUCER
ORGANIZATIONS OVERLOOKED IN CONTINGENCY PLANNING DISCUSSIONS ON BIOSECURITY
A key point articulated at
the 8th annual meeting of the Association of Veterinary Biologics Companies
discussion * on "Bioterrorism
and the Veterinary Biologics Industry" was if the United States was hit
with a Foot and Mouth
Disease (FMD) outbreak today,
table top exercises conducted by the USDA have calculated potential spread
to 39 states with
the need for depopulation
of up to 48 million animals. Associated with this discussion
is the economic impact on the U.S.,
given that the agricultural
sector contributes $1.5 trillion or 15% of the nation’s Gross Domestic
The appropriate response
to a challenge like FMD perplexed a vast majority of participants, because
very little guidance to
assist the industry with
risk analysis and contingency planning, has been developed during the two
year period following the
2001 UK FMD outbreak.
Though several high consequence pathogens were discussed during the keynote
presentations (Apatow, Huxsoll, McKim, Ruth), Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)
was identified by the speakers as the most important foreign animal disease
that the USA must be prepared for (National Academies: Countering Agricultural
To access the report online,
INTERNATIONAL RAPID RESPONSE
The objective of immediate
access to the logistical apparatus required to contain outbreaks of geoeconomic
importance has prompted discussion regarding the development of an International
Rapid Response Strategy (IRRS) where resources from all OIE member countries
could be tapped to support containment and control of outbreaks involving
high consequence agents (OIE List A).
For additional information,
OF ACCIDENTAL RELEASE OR DELIBERATE USE OF BIOLOGICAL AGENTS AFFECTING
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE CONFERENCE
The following papers were
presented at the International Forum for Discussion of Policy and Regulatory
Options, To Enhance Cooperation, Reduce Vulnerability, and Modernize Post-Event
Recovery Procedures, hosted by the Texas A&M University Systems Integrative
Center for Homeland Security, October 14-15, 2003:
For additional information,
Programs, Future Plans, and Interactions for prevention, deterrence, emergency
response, and mitigation of effects of accidental introduction or deliberate
use of biological agents in food and agriculture: Dr. Alejandro B.
Thiermann, President of International Animal Health Code, World Organization
for Animal Health.
Codex Perspective: Role of International Organizations- Current Programs,
Future Plans, and Interactions for Prevention, Deterrence, Emergency Response,
and Mitigation of Effects of Accidental Introduction or Deliberate Use
of Biological Agents in Food and Agriculture: Dr. H. Michael Wehr,
Director, CODEX Alimentarius Program Staff, USDA-FSIS.
Threats to Food: WHO Activities and Guidance for Prevention and Response:
Dr. Jørgen Schlundt, Director, Food Safety Department, World Health
WTO Agreements Aimed at Reducing Risks Associated with Trade in Food:
Ms. Gretchen Heimpel-Stanton, Senior Counsellor, Agriculture and Commodities
Division, World Trade Organization.
Aspects of Accidental Release or Deliberate Use of Biological Agents Affecting
Food and Agriculture: Dr. Albino Belotto, Coordinator, Veterinary Program,
Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).
Aspects of Accidental Release or Deliberate Use of Biological Agents
Affecting Food and Agriculture - A Canadian Perspective on Regional, Hemispheric
and International Critical Infrastructure and Challenges: Dr. Brian
Evans, Chief Veterinary Officer,Canada.
Introduction or Deliberate Use of Biological Agents in Food and Agriculture:
Dr. Kevin Walker, Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture
Global Strategies on Food Safety and Security: Dr. Robert Brackett,
FDA-CFSAN Director of Food Safety.
Initiatives for Food and Agriculture Biosecurity – Homeland Security:
Dr. Peter Fernandez, USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
of a Multinational Food Company on Accidental Release or Deliberate Use
of Biological Agents Affecting Food and Agriculture: Dr. Yasmine Motarjemi,
Nestle - Perspectives of a Multi-National Food Organization.
to the Foreign Animal
and Zoonotic Disease Center.
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